10, Linux development board controls LED light equipment

Control LED light equipment


Essence: create corresponding device node files for hardware devices

When creating equipment files, specify the use of equipment files.

application program

Control the hardware according to the device file usage specified by the driver

Control hardware equipment steps

1. Find the device node file corresponding to the hardware device

Two places:

  • /dev directory

    Engineers familiar with the driver can use a device node file to control all the features of the hardware

  • /sys directory

    Amateur engineers use a device node file to control only one feature of the hardware

    Strictly speaking, the file below it is the hardware operation interface exported from Linux kernel to user space

2. Find out how to use the device file specified by the driver

LED lamp program

Device node file: / sys/class/leds

Write a value to the brightness file to control the brightness of the led lamp

led brightness value: 0 ~ 255

LED application building steps

1. Put a part first_ 1 copy to shared folder of NFS server

sudo cp -r makefile/part_1 workdir

2. Then check the Linux local mount directory and read it successfully

3. Find the file path of the LED device

4. Next, write code on Ubuntu

First create the project file directory

Create a part in a shared folder_ 1 as the project directory, add the header file directory, source file directory and Makefile file. As follows:

Write main in module1 C Documents

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

//ARM development board LED device path
#define RLED_DEV_PATH "/sys/class/leds/red/brightness"
#define GLED_DEV_PATH "/sys/class/leds/green/brightness"
#define BLED_DEV_PATH "/sys/class/leds/blue/brightness"

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    int res = 0;
    int r_fd, g_fd, b_fd;
    printf("This is the led demon\r\n");
    //Gets the device file descriptor for the red light
    r_fd = open(RLED_DEV_PATH, O_WRONLY);
    if(r_fd < 0)
        printf("Fail to open %s device\r\n", RLED_DEV_PATH);
    //Gets the device file descriptor for the green light
    g_fd = open(GLED_DEV_PATH, O_WRONLY);
    if(g_fd < 0)
        printf("Fail to open %s device\r\n", GLED_DEV_PATH);
    //Gets the device file descriptor of the blue light
    b_fd = open(BLED_DEV_PATH, O_WRONLY);
    if(b_fd < 0)
        printf("Fail to open %s device\r\n", BLED_DEV_PATH);
 	while (1)
        //red light
        write(r_fd, "255", 3);
        write(r_fd, "0", 1);
		//green light
        write(g_fd, "255", 3);
        write(g_fd, "0", 1);
		//Blue light
        write(b_fd, "255", 3);
        write(b_fd, "0", 1);

Then write the Makefile file and modify it with the previous one

ARCH ?= x86

ifeq ($(ARCH),x86)
		#Compile on the development board
#Change the program name to led

#Compile path
#Source file path
#Header file path

CFLAGS=$(patsubst %,-I%,$(INC_DIR))
INCLUDES=$(foreach dir,$(INC_DIR),$(wildcard $(dir)/*.h))

SOURCES=$(foreach dir,$(SRC_DIR),$(wildcard $(dir)/*.c))
OBJS=$(patsubst %.c,$(BUILD_DIR)/%.o,$(notdir $(SOURCES)))

#Let make find files in the specified directory when the current directory cannot be found

        $(CC) $^ -o $@

$(BUILD_DIR)/%.o:%.c $(INCLUDES) | creat_build
        $(CC) -c $< -o $@ $(CFLAGS)

.PHONY:clean create_build

        sudo rm -r $(BUILD_DIR)

        sudo mkdir -p $(BUILD_DIR)

5. On MobaX, store the part in the local mount directory_ 1 copy the project to the / home/user directory of the development board and compile it. Before compiling programs on the development board, you need to install gcc and make tools in advance.

sudo apt install gcc/make

6. The following error occurs when executing the program after compilation, which means that the device file cannot be opened

7. Generally, you need to give root permission to open the device file normally, as shown below:

8. After that, it can be executed normally, and the three colors of led light flash alternately.

Keywords: C Linux Ubuntu Embedded system ARM

Added by Grimloch on Sat, 26 Feb 2022 13:11:19 +0200