Android references external database (1)

Android references external database (1)

There is a ready-made database, which needs to be directly introduced into the project.

Prepare for preparation

Before we start, we need to confirm the table structure and field information of the existing database. (pay attention to the size of the database, which is useful later)

First step

Copy the external database to the assets folder in the project, as shown in the figure

Second steps

Copy the database to the / data/data / package name / databases / directory before you use the database.


public static void copyDbFile(Context context, String db_name) {
    InputStream in = null;
    FileOutputStream out = null;
    //String path = "/data/data/" + context.getPackageName() + "/databases/";
    File filePath = context.getDatabasePath(db_name);
    //spUtils is to prevent multiple copies
    if (!SharePreferenceUtils.getBoolean(GlobalContent.COPE_SUCCESS,false)){
        try {
            in = context.getAssets().open(db_name); // Copy from assets directory
            out = new FileOutputStream(filePath);
            int length = -1;
            byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
            while ((length = != -1) {
                out.write(buf, 0, length);
        } catch (Exception e) {
        } finally {
            try {
                if (in != null) in.close();
                if (out != null) out.close();
            } catch (IOException e1) {

Third steps

Then we can start to check the library

SqlLiteHelper sqlLiteHelper = new SqlLiteHelper(getContext(), "mySql.db", null, 1);
SQLiteDatabase readableDatabase = sqlLiteHelper.getReadableDatabase();

try {
        Cursor query = readableDatabase.query("message", new String[]{"_id", "message"}, null, null, null, null, null, limit);
        boolean b = query.moveToFirst();
        while (!query.isLast()) {
            int id = query.getInt(query.getColumnIndex("_id"));
            String message = query.getString(query.getColumnIndex("message"));
            mDataList.add(new LoveMessageBean(id, message));
        Logger.i("mDataList : "+ mDataList.size());
    }catch (Exception e){

So far, we have successfully copied the external database into the project and started CRUD.
The above method is the most simple and original method. Later, we will try to use a third-party tool to query, such as GreenDao LitePal.

Using database for storage query and other operations in Android development is a basic skill. The following articles are recommended:

Guo Shen's LitePal series of articles, the secret script of Android database expert
Android database comparison

Keywords: Database Android MySQL

Added by pr0x on Fri, 31 Jan 2020 20:59:26 +0200