centos7 installs hadoop pseudo-distributed learning environment

A hadoop pseudo-distributed environment is built using virtual machines to simulate a small-scale cluster for learning.
Install a centos7 system in the virtual machine

ip host name hadoop.master

1. Installing the java environment I installed JDK 1.8
Installation method: https://blog.csdn.net/ltgsoldier 1/article/details/97780445
I installed jdk in the following directory:


Configure java environment variables:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_221
export JRE_HOME=${JAVA_HOME}/jre
export CLASSPATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/lib:${JRE_HOME}/lib
export PATH=${JAVA_HOME}/bin:$PATH

2. Modify the host name because it is pseudo-distributed, so it can also not be set up.

hostnamectl set-hostname hadoop.master           # Use of this command will take effect immediately and restart will take effect.
hostname                                         #Check to see if the modification is complete

3. Modify / etc/hosts to read as follows hadoop.master localhost          #This is added to allow other hosts on port 8088 to access only locally by default.

4. Close the firewall

systemctl stop firewalld                           #Close the firewall
systemctl disable firewalld                        #Turn on and disable firewall

5. Set ssh passwordless login
Although pseudo-distributed, hadoop still needs ssh to start daemons as distributed

yum -y install openssh-clients                 #Install ssh
ssh-keygen -t rsa                              #Always press Enter to generate the secret key
ssh-copy-id hadoop.master                      #Send to cdh.slave1 node
ssh localhost                                  #Testing for login

6. Download hadoop
Download address: https://hadoop.apache.org/releases.html

I downloaded version 2.9.2 and clicked on binary to go to the download page.

You can download either address.

wget http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/hadoop/common/hadoop-2.9.2/hadoop-2.9.2.tar.gz 

7. Decompression Installation

mkdir /usr/hadoop                              #Create installation directory
tar -zxvf hadoop-2.9.2.tar.gz -C /usr/hadoop   #Unzip to installation directory

8. Add hadoop to environment variables

vi /etc/profile.d/hadoop.sh         #Add edit files
#Add the following to hadoop.sh
export HADOOP_HOME=/usr/hadoop/hadoop-2.9.2

#Make Modified Environmental Variables Effective
source /etc/profile
#Test whether hadoop works
hadoop version

9. Configure hadoop
Pseudo-distributed configuration requires four files to be configured

/usr/hadoop/hadoop-2.9.2/etc/hadoop   #Configuration file location


<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!-- core-site.xml -->


<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!-- hdfs-site.xml -->

mapred-site.xml needs to modify the file name first

mv mapred-site.xml.template mapred-site.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!-- mapred-site.xml -->


<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!-- yarn-site.xml -->

10. Formatting HDFS File System
To run hadoop for the first time, you need to format the HDFS file system

hdfs namenode -format

Keywords: Hadoop xml ssh Java

Added by weaselandalf on Sun, 06 Oct 2019 19:14:29 +0300