Docker consult container service update and discovery

Docker consult container service update and discovery
Container service update and discovery topology

The nginx proxy service is deployed on the consumer server. The Registrar detects the service in the docker container and adds the registration to the consumer. The consumer template is registered and written into the created template according to the service information in the consumer. The nginx proxy server is set to recognize the template file generated by the consumer template. External network users can access the doc by visiting the nginx proxy server Nginx service in Ker container
Overview of Consul
(1) Consul is an open source tool launched by HashiCrop company to realize service discovery and configuration of distributed system
(2) Characteristics of Consul

  • Consul supports health checks, allowing key value pairs to be stored
  • The consistency protocol adopts the Raft algorithm to ensure the high availability of services
  • GOSSIP protocol is adopted for member management and message broadcasting, and ACL access control is supported
    (3) It is easy to deploy and can work seamlessly with lightweight containers such as Docker
    Services required by Consul
    1. Deploy and run Consul agent on each service providing node
    There are two operation modes of Consul agent
  • Server
  • Client
    The Server and Client are only the distinction at the Cluster level, not the application services built on the Cluster
    Is the application of Consul based automatic replacement configuration file
    You can query the service directory, Key, Key values, etc. in Consul
    Especially suitable for dynamic profile creation
    Check the running state of the container
    Automatically register and unregister the service of docker container to service configuration center
    Currently supports Consul, Etcd and SkyDNS2
    Experimental deployment
    Deploy the consumer service, realize the automatic discovery of deployed nginx service and realize the load balancing service of nginx
    1, Building a Docker service architecture for automatic discovery
    1. Establish Consul service
    [root@consul ~]# mkdir consul
    [root@consul ~]# cp /opt/ /root/consul/
    [root@consul ~]# cd /root/consul/
    [root@consul consul]# unzip
    [root@consul consul]# ls
    [root@consul consul]# mv consul /usr/bin/
    [root@docker consul]# Consumer agent \ / / use agent function
    -server \       //Provide server function
    -bootstrap \    //Take part in the election as a leader
    -ui \           //Provide web access interface
    -data-dir=/var/lib/consul-data \        //Parameter storage location
    -bind= \       //Binding address
    -client= \           //Facing all node terminals
    -node=consul-server01 &> /var/log/consul.log &  //Specify the local node name, log file directory, and run in the background

    2. View cluster information

    [root@consul consul]# consul members
    Node             Address             Status  Type    Build  Protocol  DC
    consul-server01  alive   server  0.9.2  2         dc1
    [root@consul consul]# consul info | grep leader
    leader = true
    leader_addr =

    3. Get cluster information through httpd api

    [root@consul ~]# curl / / view cluster server members
    [root@consul ~]# curl / / view leader information
    [root@consul ~]# curl / / all registered services
    [root@consul ~]# curl / / view nginx service information
    [root@consul ~]# curl / / cluster node details

    2, Container service automatically added to nginx cluster
    1. Install gliderlabs / Registrar

    [root@docker ~]# docker run -d \
    --name=registrator \    //Specify name
    --net=host \            //Specify network
    -v /var/run/docker.sock:/tmp/docker.sock \    //Specify data volume
    --restart=always \      //restart function
    gliderlabs/registrator:latest \
    -ip= \     //Specify local IP address

    2. Add nginx service

    [root@docker ~]# docker run -itd -p:83:80 --name test-01 -h test01 nginx
    [root@docker ~]# docker run -itd -p:84:80 --name test-02 -h test02 nginx
    [root@docker ~]# docker ps -a
    CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                           COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                NAMES
    960d01d212c4        nginx                           "nginx -g 'daemon of..."   4 seconds ago       Up 3 seconds>80/tcp   test-02
    bc075c1c3670        nginx                           "nginx -g 'daemon of..."   59 seconds ago      Up 57 seconds>80/tcp   test-01
    5dd120cd1232        gliderlabs/registrator:latest   "/bin/registrator -i..."   3 minutes ago       Up 3 minutes                             registrator

    3. Verify that the nginx service is registered with consumer

    View services on the consumer server

    [root@consul consul]# curl

    4. Prepare template nginx template file

    [root@consul ~]# vim /root/consul/nginx.ctmpl
    upstream http_backend {
    {{range service "nginx"}}
    server {{.Address}}:{{.Port}};
    server {
    listen 83;
    server_name localhost;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/;
    index index.html index.php;
    location / {
    proxy_set_header HOST $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header Client-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_pass http://http_backend;

    5. Compile, install and configure nginx

    [root@consul ~]# yum install gcc pcre-devel zlib-devel -y
    [root@consul ~]# tar zxvf nginx-1.12.0.tar.gz -C /opt
    [root@consul ~]# cd /opt/nginx-1.12.0
    [root@consul ~]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx
    [root@consul ~]# make && make install
    [root@consul ~]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
    http {
      include       mime.types;
      include       vhost/*.conf;   //Add virtual host directory
      default_type  application/octet-stream;
    #Create virtual host directory
    [root@consul ~]# mkdir /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhost
    #Create log file directory
    [root@consul ~]# mkdir /var/log/nginx
    #start nginx 

    6. Configure and start template
    Upload the customer-template ﹣ 0.19.3 ﹣ Linux ﹣ to the / root / customer directory

    [root@consul consul]# unzip
    [root@consul consul]# mv consul-template /usr/bin
    [root@consul consul]# consul-template -consul-addr \
    -template "/root/consul/nginx.ctmpl:/usr/local/nginx/conf/vhost/aaa.conf:/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload" \
    #After startup, the aaa.conf configuration file will be automatically generated in the vhost directory
    [root@consul ~]# ls /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhost/

    7. Add a nginx container node to test the service discovery and configuration update functions (added on the Registrar server side)

    [root@docker ~]# docker run -itd -p:85:80 --name test-03 -h test03 nginx`

    Automatic update will be prompted in the monitoring of the consumer server

Keywords: Linux Nginx Docker curl network

Added by thomashw on Fri, 24 Apr 2020 14:54:25 +0300