Fastdfs_5.08 + nginx_14.0 cluster deployment

Fastdfs_5.08 + nginx_14.0 cluster deployment

Server planning:

Server IP role Tracker Server,Storage Server Tracker Server,Storage Server Storage Server

1, All tracker and storage nodes should execute:

1. Install dependency package

yum install make cmake gcc gcc-c++ unzip zip

2. Install libfatscommon

cd /usr/local/src   && unzip && cd  libfastcommon-master
./ && ./ install

3. Install FastDFS

cd /usr/local/src && tar -xzvf FastDFS_v5.08.tar.gz
cd FastDFS && ./ && ./ install

a check if the installation is successful
1) View startup script


2) Profile (sample profile):

ll /etc/fdfs/
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  1461 1 April 14:34 client.conf.sample
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  7927 1 April 14:34 storage.conf.sample
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  7200 1 April 14:34 tracker.conf.sample

3) Command line tools (/ usr/bin /)

ll /usr/bin/fdfs_*
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     260584 1 April 14:34 fdfs_appender_test
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     260281 1 April 14:34 fdfs_appender_test1
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     250625 1 April 14:34 fdfs_append_file
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     250045 1 April 14:34 fdfs_crc32
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     250708 1 April 14:34 fdfs_delete_file
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     251515 1 April 14:34 fdfs_download_file
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     251273 1 April 14:34 fdfs_file_info
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     266401 1 April 14:34 fdfs_monitor
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     873233 1 April 14:34 fdfs_storaged
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     266952 1 April 14:34 fdfs_test
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     266153 1 April 14:34 fdfs_test1
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     371336 1 April 14:34 fdfs_trackerd
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     251651 1 April 14:34 fdfs_upload_appender
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root root     252781 1 April 14:34 fdfs_upload_file

2, Configure tracker server

1. Copy the tracker sample configuration file and rename it

cp /etc/fdfs/tracker.conf.sample /etc/fdfs/tracker.conf

2. Modifying the tracker profile

vim /etc/fdfs/tracker.conf 

#The revised contents are as follows:

disabled=false enable profile 
Port = 22122 ා tracker server port (default 22122) 
base_path=/fastdfs/tracker - the root directory where logs and data are stored 
The default configuration is reserved for other parameters. Please refer to the official document for details:

3. Create base_path specified directory

mkdir -p /fastdfs/tracker

4. Open the tracker server port in the firewall (22122 by default)

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
 Add: if there is no iptables file in / etc/sysconfig directory, you can write an iptables command to configure a firewall rule as follows:
 Then save it with the command: service iptables save, which is saved to the / etc/sysconfig/iptables file by default. This file now exists. The firewall can also be started. Next, to write the policy, you can also write it directly in / etc/sysconfig/iptables.
Add the following port line: 
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22122 -j ACCEPT
 service iptables restart 
service iptables restart

5. Start the tracker server

/etc/init.d/fdfs_trackerd start
 At initial startup, logs and data directories will be generated in / fastdfs/tracker directory.
Drwx R-X 2 root 4096 January 4 15:00 data
 Drwx R-X 2 root 4096 January 4 14:38 logs
 Check if FastDFS Tracker Server started successfully:
ps -ef | grep fdfs_trackerd

3, Configure storage server

1. Copy the storage sample configuration file and rename it

cp /etc/fdfs/storage.conf.sample /etc/fdfs/storage.conf

2. Edit profile

vi /etc/fdfs/storage.conf

#The revised contents are as follows:

disabled=false                      # Enable profile
port=23000                          # storage service port
base_path=/fastdfs/storage          # Data and log file storage root
store_path0=/fastdfs/storage        # First storage directory
tracker_server=  # tracker server IP and port
tracker_server=  #tracker server IP2 and port [microsoft1] 
http.server_port=8888               # http port to access files
//The default configuration is reserved for other parameters. For specific configuration explanation, please refer to the official document description: /etc/fdfs/storage.conf

3. Create basic data directory

mkdir -p /fastdfs/storage

4. Open the storage server port in the firewall (23000 by default)

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
#Add the following port line:
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 23000 -j ACCEPT
//service iptables restart 
service iptables restart 

Note: in cluster environment
Operation steps 1, 2 and 3 of tracking + storage node
If the storage node is only used for storage, then it is only used for operation step 3. See the installation of its own requirements

5. Start storage server

/etc/init.d/fdfs_storaged start
//Initial start-up, at/fastdfs/storage Generate under directory logs,dataTwo directories.
drwxr-xr-x 259 root root 4096 Mar 31 06:22 data
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Mar 31 06:22 logs 
//Check if FastDFS Tracker Server started successfully:
[root@gyl-test-t9 ~]# ps -ef | grep fdfs_storaged
root 1336 1 3 06:22 ? 00:00:01 /usr/bin/fdfs_storaged /etc/fdfs/storage.conf
root 1347 369 0 06:23 pts/0 00:00:00 grep fdfs_storaged

4, File upload test (ip01)

1. Modify Tracker server client profile

cp /etc/fdfs/client.conf.sample /etc/fdfs/client.conf
vim /etc/fdfs/client.conf

#Modify the following configuration, others remain default

 tracker_ Server = 22122 - tracker server IP and port
 tracker_ Server = 22122 - tracker server IP2 and port 
2. Execute file upload command
 #/usr/local/src/test.png  It is required to upload the file path
/usr/bin/fdfs_upload_file /etc/fdfs/client.conf /usr/local/src/test.png
 Return file ID No.: group1/M00/00/00/tlxkwlhttsGAU2ZXAAC07quU0oE095.png
 (the above file ID can be returned, indicating that the file has been uploaded successfully)

5, Install fastdfs nginx module on all storage nodes

1. Function description of fastdfs nginx module

FastDFS stores files in the Storage server through the Tracker server, but the same group of Storage servers need to enter the file replication, so there is a problem of synchronization delay. Suppose the Tracker server uploads the file to ip01, and the file ID has been returned to the client after the upload is successful. At this time, the FastDFS Storage cluster mechanism will synchronize this file to the same group Storage ip02. If the file has not been replicated, if the client uses this file ID to retrieve the file on ip02, the file will be inaccessible. FastDFS nginx module can redirect files to connect to the source server to retrieve files, so as to avoid the inaccessible errors caused by the client's replication delay. (the extracted FastDFS nginx module is used during nginx installation)

2. Decompress fastdfs nginx module_ v1.16. tar.gz

cd /usr/local/src && tar -xzvf fastdfs-nginx-module_v1.16.tar.gz

3. Modify the config configuration file of fastdfs nginx module

cd fastdfs-nginx-module/src
vim config
CORE_INCS="$CORE_INCS /usr/local/include/fastdfs /usr/local/include/fastcommon/" 
//Amend to read:
CORE_INCS="$CORE_INCS /usr/include/fastdfs /usr/include/fastcommon/"

4. Install dependency packages required to compile Nginx

yum install gcc gcc-c++ make automake autoconf libtool pcre* zlib openssl openssl-devel

5. Compile and install Nginx (add fastdfs Nginx module)

#No directory to create
cd /usr/local/src && wget
tar -zxvf nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz  && cd nginx-1.14.0
 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --pid-path=/var/local/nginx/ \
--lock-path=/var/lock/nginx/nginx.lock --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --with-http_gzip_static_module \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/temp/nginx/client \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/temp/nginx/proxy \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/temp/nginx/fastcgi \
--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/temp/nginx/uwsgi \
--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/temp/nginx/scgi \
make && make install

6. Copy the configuration file in the fastdfs nginx module source code to the / etc/fdfs directory, and modify it

cp /usr/local/src/fastdfs-nginx-module/src/mod_fastdfs.conf /etc/fdfs/
vi /etc/fdfs/mod_fastdfs.conf
//Modify the following configuration:
tracker_server= # tracker server IP and port
tracker_server= #tracker server IP2 and port
url_have_group_name=true #The url contains the group name 
#Add [group1] at the end 

7. Copy part of FastDFS configuration file to / etc/fdfs directory

cp /usr/local/src/FastDFS/conf/* /etc/fdfs/       ( http.conf  mime.types These two files can be copied directly.)

8. Create a soft connection in the / fastdfs/storage file storage directory and link it to the directory where the data is actually stored

ln -s /fastdfs/storage/data/ /fastdfs/storage/data/M00

9. Configure Nginx

user nobody;
worker_processes 1;
events {
    worker_connections 1024;
http {
    include mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;
    sendfile on;
    keepalive_timeout 65;
    server {
        listen 8888;
        location ~/group1/M00 {
        #If there are multiple groups, you can write location ~/group[0-9]/M00 
            root /fastdfs/storage/data/;
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root html;
 upstream storage_server_group1{                                                                                              
                 server weight=10;                                                                              
                 server weight=10;                                                                               
                 server weight=10;                                                                              

A. The 8888 port value is to be consistent with / etc/fdfs/storage.conf In http.server_port=8888, because http.server_port is 8888 by default. If you want to change it to 80, you need to modify it accordingly.
B. When Storage has multiple groups, the access path has a group name, such as / group1/M00/00/00/xxx. The corresponding Nginx configuration is:

     location ~/group([0-9])/M00 {



C. If the old newspaper 404 is found during the download, the nginx.conf In the first line, change user nobody to user root and restart.

11. Open port 8888 of Nginx in firewall

Copy code
vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
 //add to:
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 8888 -j ACCEPT
#service iptables restart 
service iptables restart 

//Start nginx: /opt/nginx/sbin/nginx
(restart Nginx The command of is:/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload)

6, Verify: access files uploaded during test through browser

Switch tracking server IP can also be accessed

7, Java API client configuration

1. Go to GitHub to download Java_client code.
2. Add the file fastdfs to your project src/java/resources_ client.conf
Pay attention to modifying the Ip address of tracker server
Copy code

connect_timeout = 2
network_timeout = 30
charset = ISO8859-1
http.tracker_http_port = 8888
http.anti_steal_token = no

If there is any error, please point out in the comment area

Keywords: Nginx iptables firewall Java

Added by knucklehead on Thu, 11 Jun 2020 07:13:58 +0300