How to install Elasticsearch on CentOS 8

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Elasticsearch is an open source full-text search and analysis engine.It supports RESTful operations and allows you to store, search, and analyze large amounts of data in real time.Elasticsearch is one of the most popular search engines that powers applications with complex search requirements, such as large e-commerce stores and analytic applications.

This article focuses on installing Elasticsearch on CentOS 8.

1. Install Java

Elasticsearch is a Java application, so the first step is to install Java.

Run the following command as root or other sudo user to install the OpenJDK package:

sudo dnf install java-11-openjdk-devel

Verify the Java installation by printing a Java version:

java -version

The output will look like the following:

openjdk version "11.0.5" 2019-10-15 LTS
OpenJDK Runtime Environment 18.9 (build 11.0.5+10-LTS)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM 18.9 (build 11.0.5+10-LTS, mixed mode, sharing)

2. Install Elasticsearch

Elasticsearch is not available in the standard CentOS 8 source.We will install it from the Elasticsearch RPM source.

Import the source GPG using the rpm command:

sudo rpm --import

Open your text editor and create the source file in the / etc/yum.repos.d directory:

sudo nano /etc/yum.repos.d/elasticsearch.repo

Paste the following into the file:

name=Elasticsearch repository for 7.x packages

Save the file and close your text editor.

Now that the source is enabled, install the Elasticsearch package, enter:

sudo dnf install elasticsearch

Once the installation process is complete, start and enable the service:

sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch.service --now

To verify that Elasticsearch is running, use the curl command to send an HTTP request to the local port 9200:

curl -X GET "localhost:9200/"

The output will look like the following:

  "name" : "centos8.localdomain",
  "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
  "cluster_uuid" : "V_mfjn2PRJqX3PlZb_VD7w",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "7.6.0",
    "build_flavor" : "default",
    "build_type" : "rpm",
    "build_hash" : "7f634e9f44834fbc12724506cc1da681b0c3b1e3",
    "build_date" : "2020-02-06T00:09:00.449973Z",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "8.4.0",
    "minimum_wire_compatibility_version" : "6.8.0",
    "minimum_index_compatibility_version" : "6.0.0-beta1"
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"

It will take 5-10s to start the service.If you see curl: (7) Failed to connect to localhost port 9200: Connection refused, wait a few seconds and try again.

To view information about the Elasticsearch service, use the following command:

sudo journalctl -u elasticsearch

Here you have installed Elasticsearch on your CentOS server.

3. Configuring Elasticsearch

Elasticsearch data is stored in the / var/lib/elasticsearch directory with a configuration file in / etc/elasticsearch.

By default, the Elasticsearch configuration file only listens to localhost.If the databases the client connects to are on the same host and you have a single-node cluster set up, you do not need to modify the default configuration file.

3.1 Remote Access

Out-of-the-box Elasticsearch does not implement authentication, so it can be accessed by anyone through the HTTP API.If you allow remote access to your Elasticsearch server, you need to configure your firewall and only allow access to Elasticsearch from trusted clients through port 9200.

For example, only access from is allowed, enter the following command:

Run the following command to allow access to port 9200 from a remotely trusted IP address:

sudo firewall-cmd --new-zone=elasticsearch --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=elasticsearch --add-source= --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=elasticsearch --add-port=9200/tcp --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Don't forget to modify `` to your remote IP address.

Later, if you want to allow access from other IP addresses, use:

sudo firewall-cmd --zone=elasticsearch --add-source=<IP_ADDRESS> --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Once the firewall is configured, the next step is to modify the Elasticsearch configuration file and allow Elasticsearch to listen for external connections.

To do so, open the elasticsearch.yml configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml

The search contains, removes the comment, and changes to:

If you have more than one network interface, specify the interface IP address to force Elasticsearch to listen only on the specified network interface.

Restart the Elasticsearch service for the changes to take effect:

sudo systemctl restart elasticsearch

That's all.You can now connect to the Elasticsearch server from a remote location.

4. Summary

We have shown how to install Elasticsearch on CentOS 8.

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Keywords: Java ElasticSearch sudo firewall

Added by NiXXeD on Sat, 28 Mar 2020 11:35:17 +0200