Jump mode and data processing

6. Jump mode

6.1 forwarding and redirection via spring MVC - no view parser required

Before testing, you need to comment out the view parser

@Controller
public class ResultSpringMVC {
   @RequestMapping("/rsm/t1")
   public String test1(){
       //forward
       return "/index.jsp";
  }

   @RequestMapping("/rsm/t2")
   public String test2(){
       //Forwarding II
       return "forward:/index.jsp";
  }

   @RequestMapping("/rsm/t3")
   public String test3(){
       //redirect
       return "redirect:/index.jsp";
  }
}

6.2 forwarding and redirection through spring MVC - view parser

Redirection does not require a view parser. Its essence is to re request a new place, so pay attention to the path problem

You can redirect to another request implementation

@Controller
public class ResultSpringMVC2 {
   @RequestMapping("/rsm2/t1")
   public String test1(){
       //forward
       return "test";
  }
   @RequestMapping("/rsm2/t2")
   public String test2(){
       //redirect
       return "redirect:/index.jsp";
       //return "redirect:hello.do"; //hello.do for another request/
  }
}

7. Data processing

7.1 processing submitted data

1. The submitted domain name is consistent with the parameter name of the processing method

Submit data: http://localhost:8080/hello?name=wuyaz

Treatment method:

@RequestMapping("/hello")
public String hello(String name){
    System.out.println(name);
    return "hello";
}

2. The submitted domain name is inconsistent with the parameter name of the processing method

Submit data: http://localhost:8080/hello?username=wuyaz

Treatment method:

@RequestMapping("/hello1")
public String hello1(@RequestParam("username") String name){
    System.out.println(name);
    return "hello";
}

3. Submitted is an object

Define an entity class

public class User {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private int age;

    public User() {
    }

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }

    public User(int id, String name, int age) {
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
        this.age = age;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", age=" + age +
                '}';
    }
}
@RequestMapping("/hello2")
public String hello2(User user){
    System.out.println(user);
    return "hello";
}

Note: if an object is used, the parameter name passed by the front end must be consistent with the object name, otherwise it is null.

7.2 data display to front end

First: through ModelAndView

This has always been the case before us Just explain more

public class ControllerTest1 implements Controller {

   public ModelAndView handleRequest(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse) throws Exception {
       //Returns a model view object
       ModelAndView mv = new ModelAndView();
       mv.addObject("msg","ControllerTest1");
       mv.setViewName("test");
       return mv;
  }
}

Second: through ModelMap

ModelMap

@RequestMapping("/hello")
public String hello(@RequestParam("username") String name, ModelMap model){
   //Encapsulates the data to be displayed in the view
   //Equivalent to req setAttribute("name",name);
   model.addAttribute("name",name);
   System.out.println(name);
   return "hello";
}

Third: through Model

Model

@RequestMapping("/ct2/hello")
public String hello(@RequestParam("username") String name, Model model){
   //Encapsulates the data to be displayed in the view
   //Equivalent to req setAttribute("name",name);
   model.addAttribute("msg",name);
   System.out.println(name);
   return "test";
}

contrast

For novices, the simple difference is:

Model There are only a few methods that are only suitable for storing data, simplifying novices' understanding of Model Operation and understanding of objects;

ModelMap Inherited LinkedMap ´╝îIn addition to implementing some of its own methods, the same inheritance LinkedMap Methods and characteristics of;

ModelAndView While storing data, you can set the returned logical view and control the jump of the display layer.

Of course, more future development is more about performance and optimization, so it can't be limited to this understanding.

7.3 garbled code

Write form test file

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<form action="/e/t1" method="post">
    name:<input type="text" name="username">
    <input type="submit" value="Submit">
</form>
</body>
</html>

Write background processing class

@RequestMapping("/e/t1")
public String Encoding(@RequestParam("username") String name, Model model){
    model.addAttribute("msg",name);
    return "test1";
}

Chinese test

It has to be said that the problem of garbled code is a very common problem in our development, and it is also a big problem for our program ape!

In the past, the problem of garbled code was solved through filters, and spring MVC provided us with a filter, which can be found on the web Configuration in XML

The xml file has been modified. You need to restart the server!

<filter>
    <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>encoding</param-name>
        <param-value>utf8</param-value>
    </init-param>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>

But we found that in some extreme cases This filter does not support get well

Treatment method:

1. Modify tomcat configuration file: set code!

<Connector URIEncoding="utf-8" port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
          connectionTimeout="20000"
          redirectPort="8443" />

2. Custom filter

package com.kuang.filter;

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequestWrapper;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.util.Map;

/**
* Filter to solve all the garbled codes of get and post requests
*/
public class GenericEncodingFilter implements Filter {

   @Override
   public void destroy() {
  }

   @Override
   public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response, FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
       //Handle the character encoding of the response
       HttpServletResponse myResponse=(HttpServletResponse) response;
       myResponse.setContentType("text/html;charset=UTF-8");

       // Transformation into agreement related objects
       HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest = (HttpServletRequest) request;
       // Enhanced request packaging
       HttpServletRequest myrequest = new MyRequest(httpServletRequest);
       chain.doFilter(myrequest, response);
  }

   @Override
   public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
  }

}

//Custom request object, wrapper class of HttpServletRequest
class MyRequest extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {

   private HttpServletRequest request;
   //Coded flag
   private boolean hasEncode;
   //Define a constructor that can be passed into the HttpServletRequest object to decorate it
   public MyRequest(HttpServletRequest request) {
       super(request);// super must write
       this.request = request;
  }

   // Override methods that need to be enhanced
   @Override
   public Map getParameterMap() {
       // Get request method first
       String method = request.getMethod();
       if (method.equalsIgnoreCase("post")) {
           // post request
           try {
               // Handle post garbled code
               request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
               return request.getParameterMap();
          } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
               e.printStackTrace();
          }
      } else if (method.equalsIgnoreCase("get")) {
           // get request
           Map<String, String[]> parameterMap = request.getParameterMap();
           if (!hasEncode) { // Make sure that the get manual encoding logic runs only once
               for (String parameterName : parameterMap.keySet()) {
                   String[] values = parameterMap.get(parameterName);
                   if (values != null) {
                       for (int i = 0; i < values.length; i++) {
                           try {
                               // Handle get garbled code
                               values[i] = new String(values[i]
                                      .getBytes("ISO-8859-1"), "utf-8");
                          } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                               e.printStackTrace();
                          }
                      }
                  }
              }
               hasEncode = true;
          }
           return parameterMap;
      }
       return super.getParameterMap();
  }

   //Take a value
   @Override
   public String getParameter(String name) {
       Map<String, String[]> parameterMap = getParameterMap();
       String[] values = parameterMap.get(name);
       if (values == null) {
           return null;
      }
       return values[0]; // Retrieve the first value of the parameter
  }

   //Take all values
   @Override
   public String[] getParameterValues(String name) {
       Map<String, String[]> parameterMap = getParameterMap();
       String[] values = parameterMap.get(name);
       return values;
  }
}

This is also written by some great gods I found on the Internet. Generally, the default garbled code processing of spring MVC can be well solved!

Then on the web Configure this filter in XML!

The problem of garbled code needs more attention at ordinary times. The unified coding UTF-8 should be set wherever possible!

Keywords: Spring MVC

Added by smileyriley21 on Wed, 09 Mar 2022 04:43:17 +0200