Let's introduce the common design pattern (the first factory pattern)

Factory mode
Factory Pattern is one of the most commonly used design patterns in Java. This type of design pattern is a creation pattern, which provides the best way to create objects.

In factory mode, when creating objects, we do not expose the creation logic to the client, and point to the newly created objects by using a common interface.
Intention: define an interface for creating objects, and let its subclasses decide which factory class to instantiate. The factory pattern delays the creation process to the subclasses.

Main solution: mainly solve the problem of interface selection.

When to use: when we explicitly plan to create different instances under different conditions.

How to solve it: let its subclasses implement the factory interface and return an abstract product.

Key code: the creation process is executed in its subclasses.

Application examples: 1. You need a car. You can pick up the goods directly from the factory, regardless of how the car is made and the specific implementation in the car. 2. Hibernate database only needs to change dialect and driver.

Advantages: 1. If a caller wants to create an object, he just needs to know its name. 2. High scalability. If you want to add a product, you can only extend a factory class. 3. Mask the specific implementation of the product, and the caller only cares about the product interface.

Disadvantages: each time you add a product, you need to add a specific class and object implementation factory, which multiplies the number of classes in the system, increases the complexity of the system to a certain extent, and also increases the dependence of the specific classes of the system. This is not a good thing.

Usage scenario: 1. Log recorder: records may be recorded to local hard disk, system events, remote servers, etc. users can choose where to record logs. 2. Database access, when the user does not know what kind of database the system uses and the database may change. 3. Designing a framework for connecting to a server requires three protocols, "POP3", "IMAP" and "HTTP", which can be used as product classes to jointly implement an interface.

Note: as a creation class pattern, factory method pattern can be used wherever complex objects need to be generated. One thing to note is that complex objects are suitable for factory mode, while simple objects, especially objects that can be created only through new, do not need factory mode. If you use the factory pattern, you need to introduce a factory class, which will increase the complexity of the system.
We will create a Shape interface and an entity class that implements the Shape interface. The next step is to define the factory class ShapeFactory.

The FactoryPatternDemo class uses ShapeFactory to obtain Shape objects. It passes information (CIRCLE / RECTANGLE / SQUARE) to ShapeFactory to get the type of object it needs.

Step 1
Create an interface:

public interface Shape {
   void draw();

Step 2
Create an entity class that implements the interface.


public class Rectangle implements Shape {
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Rectangle::draw() method.");


public class Square implements Shape {
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Square::draw() method.");


public class Circle implements Shape {
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Circle::draw() method.");

Step 3
Create a factory to generate objects of entity classes based on the given information.

public class ShapeFactory {
   //Use the getShape method to get an object of shape type
   public Shape getShape(String shapeType){
      if(shapeType == null){
         return null;
         return new Circle();
      } else if(shapeType.equalsIgnoreCase("RECTANGLE")){
         return new Rectangle();
      } else if(shapeType.equalsIgnoreCase("SQUARE")){
         return new Square();
      return null;

Step 4
Using this factory, the object of the entity class is obtained by passing type information.


public class FactoryPatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      ShapeFactory shapeFactory = new ShapeFactory();
      //Get the object of Circle and call its draw method
      Shape shape1 = shapeFactory.getShape("CIRCLE");
      //Call Circle's draw method
      //Get the object of Rectangle and call its draw method
      Shape shape2 = shapeFactory.getShape("RECTANGLE");
      //Call the draw method of Rectangle
      //Get the Square object and call its draw method
      Shape shape3 = shapeFactory.getShape("SQUARE");
      //Call Square's draw method

Step 5
Execute the program and output the results:

Inside Circle::draw() method.
Inside Rectangle::draw() method.
Inside Square::draw() method.

Keywords: Java Back-end Interview

Added by Hitwalker on Sun, 02 Jan 2022 03:08:53 +0200