Slicing operations for lists
How to create a list

Way to create a list: literal syntax
list1 = ['apple', 'orange', 'pitaya', 'durian']
print(list1) 
The second way to create a list: constructor syntax
list2 = list(range(1, 10))
print(list2) 
The third way to create a list: generative (deductive) syntax
list3 = [i for i in range(1, 10)]
print(list3)
Indexing and slicing
 Positive index: 0 ~ N  1 / negative index:  N ~ 1
print(list4[2:4])
print(list4[3:1])
 Slice operation format:
nums[start: end: step]
Start: the start position of the slice, including this position. For example: num [start:] get len (Num) from this location
end: the cutoff position of the slice, excluding this position.
Step: step size
""" example01  Slicing operations for lists Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ import random nums = [random.randrange(100) for _ in range(10)] print(nums) print(nums[2:]) print(nums[:]) print(nums[::1]) print(nums[1:3]) # Left closed right open print(nums[2:7:2]) print(nums[10:15]) # If the index is exceeded, no error will be reported
List related operations
# Repeat operation list4 = [1, 10, 100] * 5 print(list4) # Member operation  > in / not in  > true / false print(10 in list4) print(5 not in list4) # merge list5 = [1, 3, 5, 7] list6 = [4, 4, 8] list6.extend(list5) # list6 += list5 print(list5) # compare list7 = [1, 3, 5, 7] list8 = [1, 3, 4, 8, 9] print(list5 == list7) print(list7 != list8) # Compare the size of the corresponding elements of the two lists, print(list7 < list8)
Built in functions for lists
""" example03  List related operations Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ ks = ['banana', 'grape', 'apple', 'waxberry', 'pitaya', 'apple'] if 'strawberry' in ks: print(ks.index('strawberry')) if 'apple' in ks: print(ks.index('apple')) if 'apple' in ks: print(ks.index('apple', 1))
append(): adds an element at the end of the list
insert(): inserts an element at the specified position in the list
ks = ['banana', 'grape', 'apple', 'waxberry', 'pitaya', 'apple'] # Add element ks.append('blueberry') ks.insert(1, 'watermelon') print(ks)
pop(): the last element is deleted by default
remove(): deletes the specified element
ks = ['banana', 'grape', 'apple', 'waxberry', 'pitaya', 'apple'] # Delete element ks.pop() ks.pop(4) # del ks[0] while 'apple' in ks: ks.remove('apple') print(ks)
Clear (): clear list elements
ks = ['banana', 'grape', 'apple', 'waxberry', 'pitaya', 'apple'] ks.clear() print(ks)
Count the number of occurrences of elements in the list  > count()
ks = ['banana', 'grape', 'apple', 'waxberry', 'pitaya', 'apple'] print(ks.count('apple'))
Attach: displays all Chinese characters
""" example04  Display all Chinese characters Coding range of Chinese characters: 0 x4e00 ~ 0x9fa5 ord() > View the encoding corresponding to the character chr() > The encoding is processed into corresponding characters Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ # Display all Chinese characters for i in range(0x4e00, 0x9fa6): print(chr(i), end=' ')
ord()  > view the encoding corresponding to the character
chr()  > process the encoding into corresponding characters
print(ord('b')) # View the position of letters print(ord('z')) print('banana' < 'zoo') # Compares the position of letters in an element print(ord('Lee')) print(ord('king')) print('Li Si' < 'Wang Wu') # Lists of different types cannot be compared in size unless the first element can get the result items1 = ['apple', 'orange', 'pitaya', 'durian'] items2 = ['yes', 5, 6, 8, 9] print(items1 < items2)
Sorting of lists
 sort(): ascending by default. You can modify the reverse parameter to control ascending and descending
 reverse(): reverses the elements of the list
""" example05  sort Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ items = ['banana', 'grape', 'apple', 'waxberry', 'pitaya', 'apple'] # items = items[::1] # Reverse items.reverse() # Reverse print(items) # You can modify the reverse parameter to control ascending or descending order items.sort(reverse=False) # Default ascending order print(items) nums = ['1', '10', '234', '2', '35', '100'] nums.sort(key=int) # Output as int print(nums)
Select sort
 Determine the minimum value min_value
 Find out whether there is satisfaction ratio_ Value is smaller, if any, than min_value swap position
 Repeat the above two steps until the list that meets the conditions is output
""" example06  Sort (premise: none) sort Function) Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ # Simple selection sort nums = [35, 12, 99, 58, 67, 42, 49, 31, 73] for i in range(len(nums)  1): # Suppose the first element is the minimum min_value, min_index = nums[i], i # Loop to find if there is a smaller value and note its location for j in range(i + 1, len(nums)): if nums[j] < min_value: min_value, min_index = nums[j], j # Change the minimum value to the front position nums[i], nums[min_index] = nums[min_index], nums[i] print(nums)
Bubble sorting
Bubble sorting operates n1 rounds of N data, and finds a maximum (small) value in each round.
The operation only compares and exchanges two adjacent numbers. Each round will exchange a maximum value to the beginning (end) of the data column, just like bubbling.
 Compare adjacent elements. If the first is bigger than the second, exchange them two;
 Do the same for each pair of adjacent elements, from the first pair at the beginning to the last pair at the end, so that the last element should be the largest number;
 Repeat the above steps for all elements except the last one;
 Repeat steps 1 to 3 until the sorting is completed.
#nums = [35, 12, 99, 58, 67, 42, 49, 31, 73] nums = [9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8] for i in range(1, len(nums)): swapped = False # Mark as no swap occurred for j in range(0, len(nums)  i): if nums[j] > nums[j + 1]: nums[j], nums[j + 1] = nums[j + 1], nums[j] swapped = True if not swapped: break print(nums)
Random extraction and out of order
 The sample function can sample list elements without putting them back
 The choices function performs a put back sampling of list elements
 The choice function can randomly select an element from the list
 The shuffle function can disorder the list
""" example08  Random extraction and out of order Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ import random nums = ['Zhang San', 'Li Si', 'Wang Wu', 'offspring', 'Di Renjie', 'Li Yuanfang'] # The sample function can sample list elements without putting them back print(random.sample(nums, 2)) # The choices function performs a put back sampling of list elements print(random.choices(nums, k=5)) # The choice function can randomly select an element from the list print(random.choice(nums)) # Out of order random.shuffle(nums) print(nums)
example
 Enter three integers and output them in descending order
""" homework01  1. Enter three integers and output them in descending order Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/24 """ nums = [] for _ in range(3): num = int(input('input data:')) nums.append(num) for i in range(1, len(nums)): for j in range(len(nums)  i): if nums[j] < nums[j + 1]: nums[j], nums[j + 1] = nums[j + 1], nums[j] print(nums)
 Add 10 random integers to the list and find the second largest element
Additional: generative formula of list (derivation)  > concise and more efficient
nums = [random.randrange(1, 100) for _ in range(10)]
""" homework02  2. Add 10 random integers to the list and find the second largest element [a, b) >random.random() * (b  a) + a Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/24 """ import random # nums = [] # for _ in range(10): # num = random.randrange(1, 100) # Generate random decimal random random() # nums.append(num) # Generating formula of list (derivation)  > the writing method is concise and more efficient nums = [random.randrange(1, 100) for _ in range(10)] # Derivation: generate odd numbers within 1 to 100 # nums = [i for i in range(1, 101, 2)] print(nums) f_max_value, s_max_value = nums[0], nums[1] # Assume maximum and second largest values if f_max_value < s_max_value: f_max_value, s_max_value = s_max_value, f_max_value for i in range(2, len(nums)): if nums[i] > f_max_value: f_max_value, s_max_value = nums[i], f_max_value elif nums[i] == f_max_value: pass elif nums[i] > s_max_value: s_max_value = nums[i] print(s_max_value)
3. Lucky woman
""" example09  Lucky woman 15 men and 15 women went to sea by boat. The boat broke down and 15 of them needed to be thrown into the sea so that the others could survive; All the people form a circle. Someone starts counting from 1. The person who reports to 9 is thrown into the sea, and the next person starts counting from 1 again, Until 15 people were thrown into the sea. Finally, 15 women survived and 15 men were thrown into the sea. Ask which positions were men and which positions were women. Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ persons = [i for i in range(1, 31)] for _ in range(15): persons = persons[9:] + persons[:8] print(persons) # After the removed elements are output, the remaining elements for i in range(1, 31): print('female' if i in persons else 'male', end=' ')
Compared with the above code, it is easier to understand, but the above code is more concise and readable
Each time it reaches 9, remove this position, and then count from 1 until 15 positions are removed.
persons = [True] * 30 index, counter, number = 0, 0, 0 while counter < 15: if persons[index]: number += 1 if number == 9: persons[index] = False counter += 1 number = 0 index += 1 if index == 30: index = 0 for person in persons: # Ternary conditional operation  > if the expression after if is True, then take the value before if, otherwise take the value after else print('female' if person else 'male', end=' ')
4. Save 54 playing cards in a list, shuffle the cards, and distribute the cards to three players according to the licensing method of the landlords,
Give 3 more cards to the first player (landlord) and display the cards in each player's hand
First extract the following three elements, remove these three elements, and then assign values to each player using slices
""" homework05  Save 54 playing cards in a list, shuffle the cards, and distribute the cards to three players according to the licensing method of landlords, Give 3 more cards to the first player (landlord) and display the cards in each player's hand Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/26 """ import random nums = [] for i in range(1, 14): nums.append('block' + str(i)) nums.append('Plum blossom' + str(i)) nums.append('spade' + str(i)) nums.append('Hearts' + str(i)) # print(nums) fs = ['king', 'Xiao Wang'] pokers = nums + fs random.shuffle(pokers) print(len(pokers)) print(pokers) player1 = [] player2 = [] player3 = [] nums = pokers[1:4:1] # print(nums) for i in nums: if i in pokers: pokers.remove(i) # print(pokers) player1 = pokers[0:52:3] player2 = pokers[1:52:3] player3 = pokers[2:52:3] player1 += nums print(player1) print(player2) print(player3)
Another idea:
import random suites = ['spade', 'Hearts', 'Plum blossom', 'block'] faces = ['A', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', '10', 'J', 'Q', 'K'] # List generation formula (derivation) cards = [f'{suite}{face}' for suite in suites for face in faces] cards.append('Xiao Wang') cards.append('king') random.shuffle(cards) # player1 = [] # player2 = [] # player3 = [] # Nested list # players = [[], [], []] players = [[] for _ in range(3)] for _ in range(17): for player in players: player.append(cards.pop()) players[0].extend(cards) # The last three cards are given to the first player for player in players: player.sort(key=lambda x: x[1:]) for card in players: print(card, end=' ') print()
5. Save the scores of 5 students and 3 courses
""" example01  Save the scores of 5 students and 3 courses Author: Asus Date: 2021/7/27 """ import random names = ['Li Bai', 'Zhuge Liang', 'Mozi', 'Sun WuKong', 'Zhao Yun'] courses = ['language', 'mathematics', 'English'] scores = [[random.randrange(50, 101) for _ in range(len(courses))] for _ in range(len(names)) ] for i, name in enumerate(names): for j, course in enumerate(courses): print(f'{name}of{course}Achievement:{score[i][j]}') # Count the average score of each student for i, name in enumerate(names): print(f'{name}Average score of:{sum(score[i]) / 3:.lf}') # Count the highest and lowest scores of each course for j, course in enumerate(courses): temp = [scores[i][j] for i in range(len(names))] # temp = [scores[i][0] for i in range(len(names))] # temp = [scores[i][1] for i in range(len(names))] # temp = [scores[i][2] for i in range(len(names))] print(f'{course}Highest score:{max(temp)}') print(f'{course}Minimum score:{min(temp)}')