VirtualBox+CentOS installation, network configuration, and development environment

Download VritualBox:
The version I downloaded is:

Download CentOS from Tsinghua image source:
Alicloud downloads CentOS:
The version I downloaded is:

After VirtualBox installation, to view the network configuration
Control panel, network sharing center, change adapter configuration, select VirtualBox host only network, view the connection status and details

Create a new virtual machine in VirtualBox and set the network connection mode to bridge network card

When installing CentOS, you should first select the image and then start the virtual machine to enter the installation phase

The installation process uses the default configuration, sets the partition, sets the root password, and restarts the virtual machine after installation
The previously set image will exit automatically upon restart
After restarting, use vi to open CentOS network configuration

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3

Modify an existing item

BOOTPROTO=static #Use static ip
ONBOOT=yes #Start overload

Add a new item, assuming that the LAN ip needs to be fixed:

GATEWAY= #Host gateway
DNS1= #Host universal dns

After modification, restart the network service

service network restart

View ip address

ip addr show

SSH (centos-7-x86#u 64 minimum has been installed) is also required to use the remote terminal in the future
View installed ssh

rpm -qa|grep ssh

Start ssh service

service sshd start

(there may be problems. You are required to use / bin/systemctl start sshd.service to start)

Shutdown command

shutdown -h now

Restart command

shutdown -r now #Or reboot

Install development environment

View installation source

yum repolist

Install development environment

yum groupinstall "Development Tools" -y

Install vim

yum install vim -y

Install screen, net tools, scp (may be installed)

yum install screen -y
yum install net-tools -y
yum install scp -y

Install killall

yum install psmisc -y

Installing sshpass

yum install epel-release -y
yum install sshpass -y

Install Chinese language pack (may not be required)

yum groupinstall chinese-support

To install uuid, you need to compile the uuid tool

yum install uuid -y
yum install uuid-devel -y
yum install libuuid -y
yum install libuuid-devel -y
yum install e2fsprogs-devel -y

Find repos on the official website of mariadb
CentOS -> CentOS 7 (x86_64) -> 10.3 [Stable]

Configure the mariadb installation source (replace it with the source of Tsinghua University). You can also install the default version 5.0 without configuration
New file VIM / etc / repos. d/MariaDB. repo

name = MariaDB
baseurl =

Installing mariadb

yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client -y

Start the mariadb service and set the startup

systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb

Configure mariadb security settings (may not be required)

  • Current root password
  • n. No unix_socket authentication
  • n. Do not change the root password
  • Y. Remove anonymous account
  • n. Allow remote root access
  • Y. Remove test database
  • Y. reload makes the above settings take effect immediately

Allow remote hosts to access the database via password
Run mysql

>grant all privileges on *.* to 'root'@'%' identified by '123456';
>flush privileges;

centos6 firewall opens port 3306

#/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
#/etc/rc.d/init.d/iptables save
# service iptables restart or stop

CentOS 7 opens port 3306 of the firewall
Method 1:

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=3306/tcp --permanent

Method 2:

vim /etc/firewalld/zones/public.xml

add to

   <port protocol="tcp" port="3306"/>

service iptables restart

systemctl restart firewalld.service

Some systems require mysql to be case insensitive and linux to be case sensitive by default

vim /etc/my.cnf
# Add a

Keywords: Linux CentOS

Added by gordonrp on Mon, 03 Jan 2022 14:46:22 +0200