Webpack of fashion - beginner level chapter

Fashion Webpack - core concepts of basic articles (2) fashion cloud - CSDN blog fashion Webpack - core concepts of basic articles (2)https://blog.csdn.net/zsx0806/article/details/122198850

Picture from webpack Official website logo


Some methods of loader:

css loader - process css files} style loader - insert css into header

Less loader processing less        MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader - compress and extract CSS loader

File loader - process the file, and URL loader - when the file is relatively small, convert it to base64 (reduce one http request)

Image webpack image compression

plug-in unit:

html template plug-in

Command script:

"serve":"webpack serve"

How webpack optimizes projects

css optimizer webpack plugin

Image optimization {image webapck} file loader} base64 format

js optimized compression

optimization: {
  minimizer: [
     new CssMinimizerPlugin(),
     new TerserWebpackPlugin(),

devtool and sourceMap:

  devtool: "source-map", // enum
Devtool: "inline source map", / / embedded in the source file
Devtool: "Eval source map", / / embed the SourceMap into each module
Devtool: "hidden source map", / / sourcemap is not referenced in the source file
Devtool: "soap source map", / / there is no soap variant of SourceMap without module mappings
Devtool: "soap module source map", / / a low-level variant of SourceMap with module mappings
devtool: "eval", / / there is no module mapping, but the module is named. At the expense of detail.
/ / enhance debugging by adding meta info to browser devtools
/ / the 'source map' that sacrifices the construction speed is the most detailed.

Asynchronously load} import (xxx) then()

Preload: import(/* webpackPrefetch: true * /'jquery ')

Hash naming} hash

chunkhash , if the entrance changes, it will change

contenthash: if the content changes, the name changes

tree shaking

Import js on demand with the help of Babel plugin component, we can only import the required components to reduce the project volume.

Code subcontracting {splitChunks

optimization: {
    splitChunks: {
        chunks: "all", 
        // The common parts of all chunks code are separated into a single file},


resolve: {
    alias: {
      '@': path.resolve(__dirname, './src'), //Set @ as the alias of the src directory

Static directory


new CopyWebpackPlugin(  // Set static directory (copy files to another folder)
    // { from: __dirname+'/public', to: __dirname+'/dist' },
    //from, to__ dirname current directory
    { from: __dirname+'/src/static', to: __dirname+'/dist/static' },

webpack builds a vue scaffold cli

Installation dependency: vue source file} vue} npm i Vue -S

vue  npm i Vue -S

2. Treatment vue file: vue loader


3. Handling vue style} vue style loader


4. Compile the template file Vue template compiler


5. Hot update Vue hot reload API


webpack / / import vue plug-in

const VueLoaderPlugin = require('vue-loader/lib/plugin');

// Instantiate vue plug-in
 new VueLoaderPlugin(),

to configure

{ //vue analysis
  test: /\.vue$/,
  loader: 'vue-loader',
  options: {
     loaders: { //The development environment is packaged using style loader
      css: ['style-loader', 'css-loader'],
      less: ['style-loader', 'css-loader', 'less-loader']

Multi entry packaging


entry: {
  vue: './src/main.js',
  base: './src/index.js'
new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
  // Specify template file
  filename: 'index.html',
  template: './public/index.html',
  chunks: ['vue'], //Package the specified vue entry
new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
  filename: 'base.html',
  template: './public/base.html',
  chunks:['base'], //Specify base entry packaging

Cross platform transfer parameters


"build": "cross-env NODE_ENV=production webpack",
    "serve": "cross-env NODE_ENV=development webpack serve",


Function: different configuration items and environments can be switched according to different parameters

How does webpack specify a profile

When Webpack is executed, in addition to passing in parameters on the command line, it can also be executed through the specified configuration file. By default, the current directory is searched for {Webpack config. JS file, which is a node JS module, return a json format configuration information object, or specify the configuration file through the -- config option.

Web pack merge configuration extraction method

Webpack merge can help us introduce common configurations into dev and prod


npm install webpack-merge -D

Webpack merge provides a function that concatenates arrays and merges objects that create new objects. If functions are encountered, it will execute them, run the results through the algorithm, and then wrap the returned value in the function again


// Default mode
const output = merge (object1, object2, object3, ...);

// Array object
// This applies to all available features.
const output = merge ([object1, object2, object3]);

// Right first
const output = merge (
  { fruit: "apple", color: "red" },
  { fruit: "strawberries" }

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Attachment: webpack optimization diagram


Keywords: Javascript node.js Front-end Webpack

Added by Attila on Fri, 31 Dec 2021 11:47:26 +0200